tv Theresa May Lays Out Two- Year Brexit Transition Plan CSPAN September 23, 2017 3:38am-4:30am EDT
atm are quite good protecting that kind of personality with intellectuals found attractive. as i said, the philosopher king ahmed or the assumption of the belief that these dictators used for the power wisely and , thatably -- benevolently they were kind of it having this is the most important for intellectual. >> for reached the cap more, visit c-span.org. >> earlier today, british prime
minister theresa may delivered an address on brexit. and the future of the united kingdom. she said at the uk's position on future brexit talks with european leaders and attempted to calm concerns around eu citizen's rights and security. this was held in florence, italy. it is about 50 minutes. prime minister may: it's good to be here in the great city of florence today at a critical time in the evolution of the relationship between the united kingdom and the european union. it was here more than anywhere else that the renaissance began. a period of history that inspired centuries of creativity and critical thought across our continent and which in many ways defined what it meant to be european. a period of history whose example shapes the modern world. a period of history that teaches us that when we come together in the spirit of ambition and innovation, we have it within ourselves to do great things.
that shows us if we open our minds to new thinking and new possibilities, we can forge a better, brighter future for all our people. and that is what i want to focus on today. we are living through a new and critical period in the history of the united kingdom's relationship with the european union. the british people have decided to leave the eu and to be a global free trading nation able to chart our own way in the world. for many, this is an exciting full of promise. for others, it is a worrying one. i look ahead with optimism, believing that if we use this moment to change not just our relationship with europe, but also the way we do things at home, this will be a deciding moment in the history of our nation, and it is an exciting time for many in europe, too. the european union is beginning a new chapter in the story of its development. just last week, ambitions were set out for the future of the european union.
there is debate going on about the shape of the eu's institutions and the direction of the union in the years ahead. we do not want to stand in the way of that. indeed, we want to be your strongest friend and partner as the u.k. anti-e.u. thrives side-by-side. that partnership is important. for as we look ahead, we share challenges and opportunities in common. here in italy today, our two countries are working together to tackle some of the greatest challenges of our time. challenges where all too often geography has put italy on the frontline. as i speak, britain's royal navy, national and agency, and border are working alongside the affiliate partners to save lives in the mediterranean and
crackdown on the evil traffickers who are exploiting desperate men, women, and children who seek a better life. our two countries are also working together in the fight against terrorism from our positions at the forefront of the international coalition against daesh, to our work to disrupt the network service groups used to finance their operations and recruit to their ranks. and earlier this week, i was delighted that prime minister jens ohlone was able to join president macron and myself and convening the first ever u.n. summit of government and industry to moved further and faster in preventing terrorist use of the internet. mass migration and terrorism are the two examples of the challenges to our shared european interests and values that we can only solve in partnership. the weakening growth of global
trade, the popular support for the forces of liberalism, and free trade that is driving moves towards protectionism, the threat of climate change depleting and degrading the planet we leave for future generations, and most recently, the outrageous proliferation of nuclear weapons by north korea with the threat to use them. here on our own continent, we see territorial aggression to the east. and from the south, threats of instability and civil war. terrorism, crime, and other challenges, which respect no borders. the only way for us to respond to this vast array of challenges is the like-minded nations and people to come together and defend the international order that we have worked so hard to create and the values of liberty, democracy, human rights, and the rule of law by which we stand.
britain has always and will always stand with its friends and allies in defense of these values. our decision to leave the european union is in no way a repudiation of this long-standing commitment. we may be leaving the european union, but we are not leaving europe. our resolve to draw on the full weight of our military intelligence, diplomatic and development resources, to lead international action with our partners on the issues that affect the security and prosperity of our people is unchanged. our commitment to defense and
the advance of our shared values is unchanged. our determination to defend the stability, security, and prosperity of our european neighbors and friends remains steadfast. and we will do all this as a sovereign nation in which the british people are in control. their decision to leave the institution of the european union was an expression of that desire. a statement about how they want their democracy to work. they want more direct control of decisions that affect their daily lives. and that means those decisions being made in britain by people directly accountable to them. the british people have about control and direct accountability about politicians is one reason why throughout this membership, the united kingdom has never totally felt at home being in the european union.
perhaps because of our history and younger feel the european union never felt to us like an integral part to our story the way it does to so many others in europe. it is a matter of choices. the profoundest sovereignty that is a crucial part of the european union sometimes brings benefits. when countries are in the minority, they must accept decisions they do not want, even affecting domestic matters. when such decisions are taken, they can be very hard to change. the british electorate made a choice. they chose the power of domestic to my credit control over pulling that control. that is our choice. it does not mean that we are no longer a pot member of the
family of european nations. it does not mean we are not a proud member of the family of european nations. the success of the eu is profoundly in our national interest. that is the wider world. having made this twice, the question now is whether we come the leaders of britain and the eu can demonstrate that creativity, innovation, that ambition that we need to shape a new partnership to the benefit of all of our people. i believe we must. i believe we can. while the u.k.'s departure is inevitably a difficult process, it is in all our interest or negotiations to succeed. the only beneficiaries be those who reject our values and oppose our interest. i believe we share a profound sense of responsibility to make this change work smoothly and
sensibly. not just for people today but for the next generation who will inherit the world we leave them. the eyes of the world are on us. if we can be imaginative and creative about the way we us that wish this new relationship, if we can proceed on the basis of trust, i believe we can be optimistic about the future we can build for the united kingdom and european union. in my speech at lancashire house, i set out the negotiating objectives. those still stand today. since that speech and the triggering of article 50, the u.k. has published 14 papers to address the current issues and set out the building blocks for the relationship we would like to see with the eu as we leave and into the future. we have now conducted three rounds of negotiations.
while they have been tough, it is clear that professionalism diligence, we have made progress on many important issues. we have recognized from the outset there are unique issues to consider when it comes to northern ireland. we have clear through the process of our withdrawal that we will protect progress made in northern ireland over the last few years and the likelihood that depends on this progress. as part of this, we and eu have committed to protect the belfast agreement.
looking ahead, we have stated explicitly that we will not accept any physical infrastructure at the border. we owe it to the people of northern ireland and to everyone on the island of ireland to see through these commitments. we have also made significant progress on how we look after nationals living in the u.k. and british nationals working in the states of the eu. this whole process has been a great worry and anxiety for them and your loved ones. i want to repeat to the 600,000 italians in the u.k. and to all eu citizens that have made their lives in our country that we want you to stay. we value you and we thank you for your contribution to our national life. it has been and remains one of my first goals in this to ensure that you can carry on living your lives as before.
i am clear that the guarantee i am giving on your life is real. i doubt anyone with experience with the u.k. would doubt the independence of our cause or with the rigor we would uphold people's rights. over time come the rights of the eu citizens and u.k. citizens overseas will diverge. i want to incorporate our agreement into u.k. law and make sure u.k. courts can refer directly to it. when there is uncertainty around underlying eu law, i want the courts to be able to take into account the judgments of european court of justice to ensure correct interpretation. i hope our teams can reach agreement quickly. at the moment, the negotiations are focused on the arrangement for the uk's withdrawal from the eu. we need to move on to talk about our future relationship. we recognize that we cannot
leave the eu and have everything stay the same. life for us will be different. we want to stay as partners to carry on working together for our mutual benefit. in short, we want to work hand in hand with the european union, rather than as part of the european union. that is why in my speech at lancashire house, i said the united kingdom would seek to secure a new, deep and special partnership with the european union. this should expand the economic relationship on security. let me set out what each of these relationships could look like before turning to the question of how we get there. let me start with the economic partnership. the united kingdom is leaving the european union.
we will no longer be the members of its union. we understand that the single markets for freedom are individual for our european friends. we recognize that the single market is else on a balance of life and obligations. we do not pretend that you can have all the benefits of membership of the single market without its obligation. our task is to find a new framework that allows for a close economic partnership but holds those rights and obligations in a new and different balance. as we work out how to do so, we do not start with a blank sheet of paper. in fact, we start from an unprecedented position. we have the same rules and regulations as the eu. our eu withdrawal bill will make
sure they are carried over into our domestic all when we leave the eu. the question for us now is not how we bring our rules and regulations closer together, but what we do when one of us wants to make changes. one way of approaching this question is to put forward a stark and unimaginative choice between two models. i do not believe either of these options will be best for the u.k. or european union. if european economic area membership would mean the u.k. having to adopt at home automatically and in their entirety to eu rules come over which in the future we will have very little influence and no vote. such a loss of democratic control cannot work for the british people. i fear it will inevitably lead to friction and a reopening of the relationship in the near future.
as for canadian style free trade agreement, we should recognize that this is the most advanced free-trade agreement eu has yet concluded. a breakthrough in trade between canada and the eu. compared to what exists between the british at you today, it would put a restriction on our mutual market access that it would benefit neither of our economies. it would start from the fourth premise that there is no existing regulatory relationship between us. it could take years to negotiate. we can do so much better than this. as i said at lancashire house, but is not seek to adopt a model already enjoyed by other countries.
instead, let's be creative and practical in designing an economic partnership which respects the freedoms and principles of the eu and the wishes of the british people. i believe there are good reasons for this level of optimism and ambition. the u.k. is the eu's largest trading partner, one of the largest economies in the world. the eu is our largest trading partner. it is in all of our interest to come up with a creative solution. the eu has shown in the past that creative arrangements can be agreed in other areas. it has developed a diverse array of arrangements with neighboring countries outside the eu. furthermore, we share the same set of fundamental beliefs. a believe in free trade, rigorous and fair competition, strong consumer rights. trying to be other countries by beating others is a severe
mistake. there is no need to impose tariffs were we have none now. as we have set out in a future partnership paper, when it comes to trading goods, we will do everything we can to avoid friction at the border. the regulatory issues are crucial. we share a commitment to high regulatory standards. people in britain do not want shoddy goods, shoddy working practices. i can never imagine thinking those things to be acceptable. the government i lead is committed to attracting high standards and strengthening them.
i am optimistic about what we can achieve by finding a creative solution to a new economic relationship that can support prosperity for all of our people. in any trading relationship, both sides have to agree on a set of rules which govern how each side shapes. we would have to discuss new ways of managing our independence and differences in the context of our shared values. in the area of policy and regulation, they should be straightforward. the areas which affect economic relations were we may have different goals or we share the same goals but want to achieve them through different means. there will be areas where we want to achieve the same goal in the same way because it makes sense for our economies. rights and obligations must be held in balance. the decisions we both take have consequences to access to markets. to make this partnership work, because disagreement inevitably arise, we will need a strong and appropriate dispute mechanism.
it is of course vital. we want to discuss how we do that. this could not mean that the european court of justice or u.k. courts being arbitrary of disputes about the implementation of the agreement between the u.k. and the eu. it would not be right for one party to have jurisdiction over the other. i am confident that we can find an appropriate mechanism for resolving disputes. so this new economic partnership would be comprehensive and ambitious. it would be underpinned by high standards and a direct approach. bringing shared prosperity to both of our people for generations to come. let me turn to the new security relationship we want to see. to keep our people safe and secure our values and interests, it is essential that although the u.k. is leaving the eu, the
quality of our cooperation on security is maintained. we believe we should be as open-minded as possible to work together on what can be life or death matters. is noturity cooperation just a vital because our people share the same threats, but also because we share a deep, historic belief in the same values. the values of peace, democracy, human rights, and the rule of law. there is no pre-existing model for cooperation between the eu and external partners, which replicates the full-scale of cooperation that currently exist between the eu and u.k. on security, law enforcement, and criminal justice. as the threats we face evolve, i believe it is vital that we work together to design new dynamic arrangements that go
beyond the existing arrangements that the eu has in this area. and draw on the legal models the eu has previously used to structure cooperation with external partners in trade. we are proposing a bold, new strategic agreement that provides a comprehensive framework for future security, law enforcement, and criminal justice cooperation. a treaty between the u.k. and the eu. this would complement the mature bilateral relationship we already have with european friends to promote common security. our ambition would be to use the model underpinned by our principles. including high standards of data protection and human rights. it would be kept sufficiently versatile and dynamic to respond to the ever evolving threats that we face. it would create an ongoing dialogue.
in which law enforcement and criminal justice priorities can be shared and tackled jointly. we are also proposing a far-reaching partnership on how we protect europe together from the threats we face in the world today. how we work together to promote our shared values and interests abroad. whether security, spreading the rule of law, dealing with emerging threats, handling the migration crisis, or helping countries out of poverty. the united kingdom has outstanding capabilities. we have the biggest defense budget in europe and one of the largest development projects in the world. we have a far-reaching network and world-class security, intelligence, and law enforcement services. what we are offering would be unprecedented in its breadth, taking into cooperation security and development and it will be unprecedented in its depth.
in terms of its degree of engagement that we would aim to deliver. it is our ambition to work as closely as possible together with the eu, protecting our people, promoting our values, and ensuring the future security of our continent. the united kingdom is unconditionally committed to maintaining europe's security. the u.k. will continue to offer aid and assistance to eu member states that are the victims of armed aggression, terrorism, and natural or man-made disasters. taken as a whole, this bold, new security partnership will demonstrate the uk's genuine commitment to promoting our shared values across the world and maintaining a secure and prosperous europe. that is the partnership i want britain and european union to have in the future. none of its goals should be
controversial. everything i said is about creating a long-term relationship through which the nations of the european union and the united kingdom can work together for the mutual benefit of all of our people. if we adopt this mission of a deep and special partnership, the question is how do we get there? how do we build a bridge from where we are right now to where we want to be? the united kingdom will cease to be a member of the european union in march of 2019. we will no longer sit at the council table or at the council of ministers. we will no longer have members of the european parliament. we will no longer be an eu country and we will no longer directly benefit from the eu's future trade negotiations. the fact is at that point,
neither the u.k. nor the eu and its member states will be in a position to implement smoothly any of the detailed arrangements that will underpin this new relationship that we seek. neither is the eu legally able to conclude an agreement with the u.k. as an external partner while it is still part of the european union. as such an agreement on the future partnership will require the legal ratification which will take time. it is also the case that people and businesses in the u.k. and the eu will benefit from a period to adjust in a smooth and orderly way. as i said at my speech at lancaster house, a time of would -- a time of implementation would be in our mutual interests. there should be such a period after the u.k. leaves the eu. people, businesses, and public services should only have to plan for one set of changes in the relationship between the u.k. and eu.
during the implementation period, access to one another's markets should continue on current terms, and britain should continue to take part in existing security measures. businesses would welcome the certainty this would provide. a framework for this time-limited period, which can be agreed under article 50, would be the existing structure of the eu rules and regulations. how long will be determined by how long it will take to put in would be the existing structure place a new immigration system acquired to take control of the uk's borders. during the implementation period, people will continue to be able to live and work in the u.k., but there will be a registration system, and essential preparation for the new regime. as of today, these
considerations point to an implementation period of around two years. because i don't believe that either the eu or british people will want the u.k. to stay longer and that existing structure as necessary, they should also agree to bring new dispute resolutions more quickly . this can be done smoothly. is clear that what would be most helpful to people on businesses on both sides, who want this process to be smooth and orderly, it is rough to agree as early as possible. we recognize that the eu institution will need to adopt a formal position. at the heart of these arrangements, there should be a clear double knock, guarantee businesses and people the certainty that they will be able to prepare for the
change and a guarantee that this implementation period will be time-limited, giving everyone the certainty that this will not go on forever. these arrangements will create valuable certainty. but in this context, i am conscious that our departure causes another type of and certainty -- uncertainty for remaining member states and their taxpayers over the eu budget. some of the claims on this issue are exaggerated and unhelpful. we can only resolve this as part of the issues i have been talking about today. i do not want our partners to fear that they will need to pay more or received less. as a result of our decision to leave. the u.k. will honor commitments we have made during the period of our membership. as we move forward, we will also want to continue working together in ways that promote the long-term economic
development of our continent. this includes continuing to take part in those policies and programs that are greatly to our advantage. those that promote our mutual security. as i set out in my speech, we want to make an ongoing contribution to cover our fair share of the cost involved. when i gave my speech at the beginning of this year, i spoke not just about preparations we were making for a successful negotiation but also about our preparations for life outside the european union. with or without a successful deal. the necessary work continues on all of these fronts so that we are able to meet any eventual outcome. as we meet here today, in this
city of creativity and rebirth let us open our minds to the , possible. to a new era of cooperation and partnership. and to a stronger, fair, more prosperous future for us all full -- that is the prize, if we get this negotiation right. a sovereign united kingdom and a confident european union, both free to chart their own course. a new partnership of values and interests. a new alliance that can stand strongly together in the world. that is the goal towards which we must work. in the months ahead as the relationship between britain and europe evolves. however it does so, i am clear that britain's future is bright. our fundamentals are strong. our legal system respected around the world. a keen openness to foreign investment and enthusiasm of innovation, and ease of doing business.
some of the best universities and researchers you can find anywhere, and exceptional national talent for creativity and an indomitable spirit. it is our strength that determine a country's success and that is why britain's economy will always be strong. there are other reasons why our future should give us confidence. we will always be a champion of economic openness. we will always be a country pitched to the world with high standards at home. when we differ from the eu in our regulatory choices it will not be to try to attain an advantage, it will be because we want rules that are right for britain's particular situation. the best way for us both to succeed is to fulfill the potential of the partnership i have set out today. we should be in no doubt that if our collective endeavors in the negotiations were to prove insufficient to reach an agreement, it would be a failure
in the eyes of history and and the damaging blow to the future of our continent. i believe the difference between where we would eat if we fail in what we could be if we achieve the partnership today, it would be beholden on this on all this to demonstrate leadership and flexibility to make sure that we succeed. negotiations to get there will be difficult. if we approach them in the right way, respectful of the challenges for both sides and pragmatic about resolving them, we can find a way forward that makes the success of this for all of our people. i recognize that this is not something that you, our european partners, wanted to do. it is a distraction from what you want to get on with. we have to get this right. we both want to get this done as swiftly as possible.
it is up to leaders to set the tone. the tone i want to set is one of partnership and friendship. a tone of trust, a cornerstone of any relationship. if we get the spirit of this negotiation right, if we get the spirit of this partnership right at the end of this process, we will find that we are able to resolve the issues where we disagree respectfully and quickly. if we can do that, then when this chapter of our european history is written, it will be remembered not for the differences we face but for the vision we showed. not for the challenges we endured, but for the creativity we used to overcome them. not for a relationship that has ended, but a new partnership that began. a partnership of interest, of value, a partnership of ambition for a shared future.
remain. what is going to change for them? those eu citizens living in the united kingdom, who made the u.k. their home, including the 600,000 italians and the united kingdom, we want them to be will to stay and have the same rights as they have at the moment. negotiating this with european i want those living here to maintain their rights. we are close to ensuring that we have that agreement. i have set out today what i hope is a reassurance that those italian citizens living in united kingdom, as we move ahead, we'll know it is our legal system that will guarantee those rights into the future. that is what people want to know.
i value the contribution a citizens have made in the united kingdom. i have quite a few italian citizens living in my instituency and play a part our economic life. i want to ensure those italian to stay, we want you we value your contribution, what i'm setting forward is a guarantee for your rights into the future. >> thank you prime minister. what do you say to voters at home who chose to leave, who might be angry to hear that the immigration rules will be roughly the same for another few years, markets will be roughly the same, the european courts will still have a role for the next five years, potentially until 2021, 5 years after the referendum? are they justified in being cross about that? is no deal better than a bad deal? prime minister may: on that last
point we continue to believe that. i have set out an entire speech that is about what a great deal we can have on the future partnership between the u.k. and european union, if we approach this with creativity. i sent out how we can do that today, and achieve a deal that is in the best interest not just of u.k. citizens, but people 27ing across the remaining states in the european union. immigration,of atple voted to leave the eu the end of march 2019 we will leave the european union. people also voted to ensure that process of the leading can be orderly and smooth so people have confidence in their future, and businesses have confidence in their future. that is what i have set out today. period where we will
be asking eu citizens to come to the u.k.. we will be asking them to register. that is an important building block to enforce immigration rules when the new partnership is in place. and when we take full control of our borders. on the implementation and transition phase, we would still be under eu regulations and laws, you rule out being a member, and in the final status deal, you outlined a spectrum between canada and norway. norway leaning closer to . is that a correct reading of the situation? suggestnister may: i
you start thinking not just about norway and canada, but about the fact that the u.k. is in a completely different relationship with the eu, from either of those countries when they started negotiating their relationship. that gives us an opportunity to create a partnership that is different from either of those. what we are talking about in the implementation. d, are the practical changes necessary, and of course you cannot do those changes until you know what the partnership is. the negotiations, we will leave at the end of march, 2019. .et us think creatively let us be ambitious about what we can achieve. we start from an unprecedented position in terms of our current relationship with the eu.
build ables us to different partnership for the future. your strategy sense of lancaster house seems to lay out positions, and then concede to what europe will agree to. , andppened today on money it is happening on their requirements for the transition period. can you point to a single concession? prime minister may: during the negotiations, there are a number of issues where we set a position, and we have an agreement on a variety of issues. i challenge the picture you have set out. what the united kingdom has done throughout this process is set out our ambition on negotiating principles.
it mirrors the issues we have raised with them in the first place, key issues we need to look at during this relationship. this is a negotiation. we willhat process, discuss those positions and come to an agreement. what i am doing today, is saying here is an opportunity for those of us, the u.k. and that eu to agree to a new partnership, a partnership that has not been in place with anybody else in the past. really show aan great future for the eu and the u.k.
>> what would you say to people who voted to leave, and who think we should have left already. they have a right to feel betrayed today? prime minister may: the government is ensuring we deliver on what the people who voted to leave, but if we are going to ensure that we do that with as little damage and disruption to our economy and people's lives, we need to do that in a smooth and orderly way. we were clear about the implementation period will be time-limited. we will leave the european union in march, 2019. that is what is going to happen. on your section on security,
you said the u.k. is unconditionally committed to security. you will cooperate militarily and and intelligence wise, with or without a deal, so what do who feel youople have thrown away britain's best cards in the situation? prime minister may: on criminal matters and justice matters, they are important to all of us. we face significant challenges in relation to security issues. we have seen how that cooperation with our european partners is good for us and good for them. we want as the government that
we continue a partnership of cooperation that is helping in terms of keeping us safe in the u.k., but also across the rest of europe. i think that is what people want us to do. that is what we will be doing. during the implementation phase, would britain be subject to new laws passed by brussels that we don't have a say in making those laws? you were setting out an idea close to the single market arrangement, would we be prepared to pay for access to that single market? prime minister may: as i said in the speech, during implementation period, and this is because it is an interest of
up --aes to have period in which they will know the basis we will be operating. it will be operating on the current rules and framework. the details would have to be part of the negotiation. what i have set out is a principal in relation to that, and that is important. it is not just for businesses but individuals as well so people know where they stand. the eu withdrawal bill that we are putting to parliament brings the eu law into u.k. law we have ano ensure orderly process of withdrawal. note the basis on which they are able to operate. i will take a final question. >> what do you expect from
brussels and berlin? prime minister may: what i would hope that people in brussels and berlin and across the european union would see, is that this is the united kingdom setting out the opportunity from the work together to negotiate what will be a strong partnership. one that will ensure future prosperity of countries in the unit -- in the eu and the united kingdom. i hope people will respond in a way of partnership and friendship. that is what the u.k. is offering. it is important not just for the u.k., but for the whole european union. remaining 27 will consider what their future is. we want the eu to continue to be strong.
it is in our national interest for the eu to be successful. i set up a way we can go forward together. making our own decisions, and a strong european union working together. thank you. [applause] when trump early on had just announced, and they were worried that he was going to be bad for them in terms of women voters. i thought, really? you are worried now? considering how far back they had had an anti-women platform. &a".unday night on "q
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